Creating a Successful Employee Referral Program - Whitepaper
Great Employers Know Great TalentIntroduction
Studies show that employee referrals are the number one source of quality hires. Not only do studies reliably demonstrate this, but as an experienced recruiter, you probably already knew that. Still, despite this knowledge, many companies struggle to implement a well-functioning and sustainable employee referral program (ERP).
Step 1: Communicate the value of an ERP with a strong business case to secure managerial support
If you want to secure managerial support to guarantee the success of your ERP, approach management with a strong business case. To be successful, the business case must be drafted and presented with consideration for what factors really influence the manager’s thinking.
"The human resources department is looking to hire good people and you (hiring managers) can help us. Research has shown that employee referrals are less expensive for HR to recruit".
Why is this approach wrong? It is all about the recruiter. In essence you are asking the hiring managers to help you do your job. What hiring manager has time for that?
Right way (employing the framework above):
“We understand that you hiring managers have a lot on your plate with budgetary concerns, executive reporting, and operational matters. You need a strong staff supporting you. Every second that you have a vacant job, you are losing productivity, time, and money in your department. The HR department wants to help you close that gap and establish a more fluid pipeline of employee support. To that end, we’d like to present an idea that may help improve productivity, minimizing the budgetary impact of vacancies and ultimately improving the bottom line”.
Ah, ha! Now you are speaking to topics that interest a hiring manager – budget, productivity, and the bottom line! You are offering to help the hiring manager do their job better. Appealing to the other person’s point of view is the best way to secure support and backing for your ideas .
The next two steps in the framework require that you build a business case that arouses “eager want” through dramatization of your ideas. You do this by presenting facts, statistics, and examples that display the importance and value of the topic, always focusing only on the items of interest to the manager whose support you need. Here is a business case for consideration:
A Business Case for ERP
Employee Referrals are a Great Source for Great Talent
It’s often said that birds of a feather flock together. That means that your smart employees are likely to have smart friends. You want those friends to take an interest in your job postings because you want smart people to fill your open positions. This means that companies should make it as easy as possible for outstanding employees to share open positions with an employee referral program. The following statistics illustrate that, according to recruiters, employee referrals rank number one as the best source of new hires in 2013:
Employee Referral Programs Produce Financial Benefits for the Department
When one considers the cost of a job vacancy in terms of over-taxed employees, overtime pay, potentially lost revenue, lost opportunity, customer attrition, lost experience, and competitive advantage costs, it becomes very clear that filling positions quickly and retaining employees is imperative2.
- Studies show that applicants hired from an employee referral begin their position more quickly than applicants found via job boards (29 days compared with 39 days via job boards)3.
- Referral hires have greater job satisfaction and stay longer at companies – 46% stay over 1 year, 45% over 2 years and 47% over 3 years3.
In other words, employee referrals improve the bottom line by saving money.
Employee Referral Programs Improve Employee Engagement
Whether employers are prepared or not, social media has increasingly blurred the line between personal pursuits and work life. The up-and-coming generation, commonly called Millennials, is increasingly “friending” co-workers on Facebook10. Isn’t that a bad thing? Well, maybe not. Remember, your employees are your company. In this highly social age, these people create your company’s culture (the culture into which new hires will be added) and, perhaps more importantly, company culture paints a clear line to employee engagement and retention. Since 75%?80% of people leave jobs because of relationship issues11 , employers should be grateful for strong relationships among employees. Still not convinced? Take a look at these statistics from Gallup Business Journal: Employees that reported having a friend(s) at work were:
37% more likely to report that someone at work encourages their development
35% more likely to report coworker commitment to quality
28% more likely to report that in the last six months, someone at work has talked to them about their progress
27% more likely to report that the mission of their company makes them feel their job is important
27% more likely to report that their opinions seem to count at work
21% more likely to report that at work, they have the opportunity to do what they do best every day4
Who cares if employees are happier in these respects? Well, every business should care! Why? Simply, the business can reap significant financial benefits associated with engagement:
Companies with a highly engaged workforce experience a 19.2% growth in operating income over a 12-month period
Engaged companies grow profits as much as 3X faster than their competitors
Highly engaged employees are 87% less likely to leave the organization
2X higher customer loyalty
2X higher productivity
2X lower turnover5
Step 2: Design a Strong ERP that Motivates Employees and Hiring Managers to Participate
Once you have secured support from management with a strong business case, you are ready to begin designing the employee referral program. In order to maintain managerial support, you may want to ask managers to participate throughout the program development. At the very least, hiring manager’s opinions on the ERP should be considered and incorporated as appropriate. If you do not plan to include hiring managers in the drafting of the project, set up a meeting with the hiring managers and ask their opinion on matters related to the ERP. Even if you do not use all their ideas, just being included in the planning process will help to drive hiring manager engagement in the program.
In designing the ERP, you will need to develop the following elements:
- Rules for Participation
- Which employees are eligible for participation?
- How will employees make the referral and to whom is the referral made?
- What if the same person is referred by two different employees?
- How are candidates evaluated?
- How will the employee be notified if their referral is hired?
- Candidate referral form (or other electronic means of communication)
- Individual Rewards
- Contests and Competition
The most important element in creating a strong program is simplicity. Most employees will not understand or appreciate the benefits you and the hiring managers hope to secure. If there are too many rules or a referral is too complex, employees will not support the program.
Automation Simplifies an Employee Referral Programs
Automation can further simplify the process and drive employee participation. For example, employee referral programs can be automated in two different ways. The first measure is social job distribution. With social job distribution, job listings are posted to employees’ personal feeds or status updates at employee-specified intervals. In this way, the employees are painlessly and constantly recruiting. Employees like this option because is wholly automated and they have ultimate control over the frequency with which the automated postings occur.
In addition to or as an alternative to full automation, employee’s participation can be more manual. Some software offerings can analyze the employment profiles from your employee’s network of friends and automatically recommend friends that have skills matching available jobs. With one click, employees can send a message to matched friends “personally” notifying that person about a job opening with your company.
Competition within an ERP Engages Employees and Managers
In addition to simplicity, an employee referral program must be engaging for both employees and hiring managers. An employee referral program will not work for long if the employees tire and stop participating or the hiring managers stop caring. While the individual financial rewards are a great start toward motivation that is not enough to drive deep engagement for hiring managers and employees. To that end, a strong employee referral program may benefit from including a little harmless competition drawing in employees and hiring managers.
For example, recruiters may consider facilitating departmental competition where the teams compete against one another for a “grand prize” associated with the most employee referral hires per quarter or half year. The grand prize should separately benefit both the hiring manager and the employee. For the hiring manager, consider rewards such as bonus and/or executive recognition. In this way, managers, desirous of financial recognition and/or an opportunity to network with the executive team will push their team members to participate. Motivate employees at the team competition level with high-level/executive recognition, like a certificate or trophy, free lunch for a specified duration, and/or some other benefit.
Executive Recognition Improves ERP Engagement/Participation
Senior/executive recognition is an important element for both hiring managers’ and employees’ engagement in the program. Research has shown again and again that positive reinforcement and recognition for a job well-done drives appropriate behavior. For example:
69% of employees say they would work harder if they felt their efforts were recognized
78% of employees said being recognized motivates them in their job6
Executive recognition is a powerful tool in driving any program within the company. Considering the potential benefits of an employee referral program to the business, executives will likely be willing to offer a pat on the back. For hiring managers and employees, recognition gives them a sense of accomplishment and an opportunity to get in front of executive leadership. To the employee (or manager) who is desirous of upward mobility, this is a huge incentive on which the recruiting team can capitalize.
There is no shortage of advice available in books and on the internet with regard to designing a functional ERP. Still, many of these sources fail to include the importance of managerial participation. Remember, an ERP can only be as good as the support it receives. Moving forward, strive to excite managers so they will support the program and in turn encourage employees to actively participate.
How iCIMS can Help
iCIMS is the leading provider of recruiting software that help businesses win the war for top talent. iCIMS empowers companies to manage their entire hiring process within the industry’s most robust Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS). Built on the foundation of a best-to-market talent acquisition software suite, iCIMS’ PaaS framework, UNIFi, allows employers to expand the capabilities of their core talent acquisition technology by integrating with the largest partner ecosystem in talent acquisition to help them attract, find, screen, and manage candidates. Offering scalable, easy-to-use solutions that are backed by award-winning customer service, iCIMS supports more than 4,000+ contracted customers and is one of the largest and fastest-growing talent acquisition solution providers.
1ere.net/2013/03/22/source-of-hire-report-referrals-career-sites-job-boards-dominate/ - (this article is no longer online)
2employersoverload.com/employers/resources-clients/the-high-cost-of-job-vacancies - (this article is no longer online)
6gaylelantz.com/2011/11/22/employee-appreciation-statistics-leaders-should-know/ - (no longer online)